# Mathematical Biology

Mathematical biology is the application of mathematics to the life sciences. Like theoretical physics, theoretical biology includes the mathematical foundations of biological processes at scales that range from microscopic to geological, and the analysis of biological data. The Western Department of Mathematics has active research programs modelling evolution, the spread of infectious disease, ecology, species invasions, animal behaviour and neural networks. These research areas have important implications for how laboratory science is conducted, how public-health and environmental policy is set, how animal societies are maintained over time, and for our fundamental understanding of life on earth.

Mathematical biologists in our department utilize diverse mathematical methods including differential equations, dynamical systems, game theory, probability theory, stochastic processes, graph theory, machine learning and numerical methods.